Hair Loss-Symptoms and Causes


Hair loss, medically known as alopecia, is a common concern that affects millions of people worldwide. It can manifest in various ways, from thinning hair to complete baldness. With age the ratio of baldness increases in men than women.

The most common cause of hair loss is inheritance. Other factors such as hormonal changes or medications also play a part. Upto 100 hair loss a day is common, but when you shed more, it’s time to concern. When to see a doctor and when you should worry? Keep on reading to get the answers.

Symptoms of Hair Loss

Hair Loss-Symptoms and Causes

Gradual Thinning

One of the earliest signs of hair loss is gradual thinning. You may notice that your hair doesn’t appear as full or thick as it used to be. It can affect both men and women and usually starts at the crown of the head.

Hair Loss-Symptoms and Causes

Receding Hairline

A receding hairline is a common symptom in men. The hairline moves backward, making the forehead appear larger. This is often an early sign of male pattern baldness.

Patchy Hair Loss

In some cases, hair loss can be patchy, resulting in small, coin-sized bald spots. This condition is known as alopecia areata and can affect people of all ages.

Hair Loss-Symptoms and Causes

Sudden Hair Loss

Some individuals experience sudden hair loss. You can observe handful of hair coming out to your hand, comb or pillow. It can be caused by factors like extreme stress, illness, or certain medications. This is usually temporary and hair may grow back once the underlying issue is resolved.

Hair Loss-Symptoms and Causes

Full Baldness

Over time, some individuals may experience full baldness, which can be attributed to hereditary factors or underlying medical conditions.

Common Causes of Hair Loss

The following are the main causes of hair loss.

Genetics (Androgenetic Alopecia)

The most prevalent cause of hair loss is hereditary. Androgenetic alopecia, commonly known as male pattern baldness in men and female pattern baldness in women, is influenced by genetic factors. It’s characterized by a receding hairline and thinning hair on the crown.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal imbalances, such as those that occur during pregnancy, menopause, or conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can lead to hair loss.

Medical Conditions

Several medical conditions can cause hair loss, including thyroid disorders, autoimmune diseases like alopecia areata, and scalp infections.

Stress and Trauma

High levels of stress, physical trauma (such as surgery), and emotional trauma can result in a type of hair loss called telogen effluvium. It’s usually temporary and the hair often regrows after the stressor is removed.


Some medications can lead to hair loss as a side effect, such as:

Quick Tip

Regular massage with best hair growth oils and minoxidil application can help treat hairfall due to medication.

Hairstyling and Treatments

Excessive use of hair styling products, heat styling, frequent hair dyeing, and tight hairstyles (like braids or cornrows) can damage hair follicles and cause hair loss.

Nutritional Deficiencies

Your diet also plays a role in maintaining healthy hair and scalp. Inadequate intake of essential nutrients, particularly iron and protein, can lead to hair loss.

When to See a Doctor

See your doctor if you observe any of the following conditions.

Sudden and significant loss of hair
Family history of severe hair loss or baldness
Drastic change in your hair’s texture, color, or thickness
Unusual symptoms with your hairfall, such as itching, redness, or pain on the scalp

Final Verdict

In conclusion, hair loss can be a distressing experience, but understanding its symptoms and causes is the first step toward managing and addressing the issue. Whether your hairfall is genetic, hormonal, or due to external factors, various treatments can help you regain confidence with healthy, beautiful hair.

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